Eiffel Tower in Paris, France


The Eiffel Tower is an iron tower with a height of 324 meters, located in Paris, in the far northwest of the Champs-de-Mars Park, near the Seine River.  2 years, 2 months and 5 days (1887-1889), and opened to the public on May 15, 1889.  It was called the 300-meter tower at the opening. This facility has become the symbol of the French capital and the first tourist symbol in it, and it represents the ninth most visited French site in 2006, and it is also the first landmark in terms of the number of visitors, as the number of visitors reaches 7 million visitors annually. With its height of 313.2 meters, the Eiffel Tower has been the tallest landmark in the world for 41 years.  Its height has been increased several times by installing many antennas, to reach a height of 327 meters since March 8, 2011. It was used in the past in many scientific experiments, and is used today in broadcasting radio and television programs

Construction work began on January 26, 1887, and continued for 26 months, with the participation of approximately 50 engineers and 300 workers; where the foundations were built in the first five months, while the construction of the tower took the next twenty months, so that all works were completed on March 31, 1889. The tower was officially opened on May 6, 1889. The period in which the construction took place 1887-1889 is considered standard, given the tools available in that era and comparing them with the extent of accuracy and magnitude that characterized this construction.


 At the beginning of 1906 AD, it witnessed the first attempts to use it in radio broadcasting, although it actually entered service in 1920 AD. The tower also witnessed the first attempts to use it for television broadcasting from 1921 to 1935 AD, but this service actually started in 1957 AD.

 Experiment lab

 Since the completion of this building, it has become a destination for many scientists, engineers and researchers to use it in conducting various experiments, whether it is related to weather, the fall of free objects, monitoring and other uses.  In 1909, an air tunnel was built in order to carry out some scientific research.


 There are two restaurants in the tower that provide their services to visitors and provide a panoramic view of the city of Paris, and they are:

First floor: “Altitude 95” restaurant

 Second floor: “Le Jules Verne” restaurant (it has its own elevator in the south corner of the tower)


 From the beginning, Gustave Eiffel took into account that industrial lighting would be used to light the tower, as the first lighting system was installed on the occasion of the International Exhibition in 1899 AD.  The tower has gone through all kinds of lighting throughout its history, from gas to electricity.  In the year 2000 AD and to celebrate the new millennium

Gustave Eiffel expected 500,000 visitors to visit the tower annually, but the reality exceeded his expectations.  The visitors of the tower in the first year of its opening in 1889 approached two million visitors, while this number jumped in 2005 to 6 million, and in 2002 the tower received its 200 millionth visitor since its inception.

 Thus, from the top of the tower, all of Paris can be seen in a wonderful panoramic image, but through its two restaurants, it is possible to have a delicious meal, and at night, to watch the lights and sights of the picturesque city of Paris.  All this led to the Eiffel Tower being at the forefront of European tourist attractions throughout these decades